Dear Budding Musicians,
In this post we wish to discuss and attempt to learn about Bhajana Sampradayam and it’s origin. The word Bhajana in sanskrit literally means
In the Western ghats, Maharashtra’s Varkari(pilgrim) group has had great Bhajana gurus like Saint Namdev, Eknath and Tukaram. Saint Namdev and Tukaram started composing Abhanga poetry – a Marathi genre of Bhajana which is simple and metrical and praises Lord Vittala Panduranga. Of Karnataka’s Haridasa groups, noteworthy gurus are Vyasaratirtha, Jayatirtha and Saint Purandaradasar who followed the Madhwa philosophy and propagated Hari’s name through their kirtanas. Saint Purandaradasar is a household name in Karnatic music and we will talk about him in detail in a later article. Bhadrachala Bhakta Ramadasa of Andhra pradesh who came much before Saint Tyagaraja composed a lot of Bhakti compositions known as Ramadasu Keertanalu.
The other major Gurus in the Bhakti movement and whose compositions we still use in modern day Bhajana are Jayadeva(author of Gita Govinda), Sadashiva Brahmendra(sanskrit compositions) and Narayana Teertha(Sri Krishna Leela Tarangini). Jayadeva’s Gita Govinda comprises ashtapadis which are compositions with eight lines each and literally mean “eight steps”. Sri Krishna Leela Tarangini by Narayana Teerthar is a sanskrit opera on the life of Lord Krishna which comprises of “Tarangas” – wave-like songs.The songs are popularly called “Tarangas” means waves. The lyrics are simple yet beautiful and effective. The Astapadis of Jayadeva are said to be the inspiration.
Hope this article was helpful in getting an overview of the origin and forms of Bhajana across India. Will discuss further about Bhajana sampradayam in future blogs, so please do have a tab on our website/facebook page.
Have a great weekend!
(Pictures above courtesy : en.wikipedia.org)